• Mai Duc Nguyen

IELTS Writing Task 2 - The Effects of and Solutions for Water Pollution

Topic: In many parts of the world, water sources are becoming more polluted. What are the consequences of this problem? What can be done to combat it?

1. Ideas:


- Possible health risks

- Damage natural habitats, endanger animals and plants

- Hurt tourism industry


- Decreasing the amount of waste from industrial activities

- Better trash collection and processing

- Increase investment for environment projects

2. Essay:

In many countries, the growth of industrial and household waste and the slow progress in developing recycling technology has led to increasing air pollution. Air pollution can have negative impacts upon people’s health, natural habits and tourism industry. In this essay, I will also highlight some of the possible solutions for this problem.

A huge number of households in rural areas across Vietnam have to use unprocessed water from lakes and seas. These sources are, however, severely polluted because of the increasing amount of waste caused by industrial activities such as car and chemicals production. This, in turn, negatively affects the health of people living in local areas. A growing number of places in Vietnam are named “The villages of cancer” because of this consequence.

Furthermore, the problem of water pollution is also believed to damage natural habitats and put the life of plants and animals that depend on water sources for food at risk, followed by a rise in biological imbalance. In addition to this, lakes and sees can be tourist attractions, therefore, if water pollution continues to happen, tourism industry in many places can be hurt, which again economically impacts local areas.

Reduced quality of water sources can be prevented by decreasing the amount of waste from industries. To achieve this goal, governments should introduce tough regulations on factories with a limit on waste allowance and fines on those who break the laws. Governments should also train more people working for public services to collect trash and build more centres to process trash from households, which is what German has been doing for the last few years.

If collected trash is not recycled, then reduced water pollution will be achieved at the expense of increased land degradation and air pollution. Hence, the private sector must also raise investment in new projects that innovate technology to recycle waste smartly.

In conclusion, despite being ignored by many businesses, water pollution is endangering the health of people and natural environment. In order to combat this threat, concrete steps must be taken to cut waste from industries, households and develop recycling methods.

[350 words]

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