IELTS Speaking Part 3 Revision - Marriage and Transport
How are weddings celebrated in Vietnam?
Vietnam has 54 ethnicity groups therefore its wedding traditions are largely various. However, for the vast majority of ethnicity groups, grooms and their families take the active role, from inviting guests to organising events during the wedding. When weddings are celebrated, traditional food, songs and wishs appear very often. Over the past few years though, it has been criticised that Vietnamese families are speding too much on celebrating weddings as a way to show off their wealth and social status.
Would you accept an arranged marriage?
I would never accept to be in an arranged marriage. Some parents choose partners for their children base on wealth and social status instead of mutual love. In my opinion, arranged marriage without any mutual love will come to an end by divorce. I think that everyone has the freedom to choose their lovers and partners. Having said that, parents should play the role of advisers who will help their kids in certain stages of their marriage, such as giving tips on when having children is appropriate.
Do you think the traditional roles of husbands and wives in Vietnam have changed?
Yes and no. Many people believe that Vietnam has been a much more gender-neutral country where women can do jobs that men do. However in rural areas, a large number of women are still kept inside houses to carry out housework and agricultural tasks. Many of them are victims of domestic violence and sexism in workplaces. Having said that, in my opinion, a march of progress in gender equality has taken place. Vietnamese men are taking an increasing role in housework and Vietnamese women’s participation in the labour force is rising as well.
What are the factors causing a rise in the rate of divorce?
The first factor is the birth and regulations that allow couples to divorce easier, without the need to prove that their partners have violated a certain law. Secondly, as more women have jobs, their financial independence increases. This means they no longer have to rely on men to have a decent living. Thirdy, these days many people would like to choose a happy marriage rather than an “empty nutshell”. Therefore, if mutal love has gone, they are willing to divorce.
Do you think people should live together before marriage?
I am not against cohabitation but I believe that it will be a tough job. People who want to pursue a certain period of cohabitation should be aware that a lot of challenges will be created. Without formally registering their relationship as a marriage, they are certainly excluded from certain laws and regulations that protect couples such as child benefits. Unexpected pregnancy is another issue if there is a lack of knowledge and understanding about sexual relationships. Finally, if couples are young and lack life experience, conflicts may arise.
How do most people travel long distances in your country?
It depends on how long the journey is and their level of income. For example, if people want to travel around a particular region, such as the North of Vietnam, car is an ideal choice. If they have strong finance and have to travel long distances, say from Ha Noi to Phu Quoc, then airplane is the better choice. However, there are a lot of young people who would like to travel across Vietnam by bicycles and motorbikes because of their interest in adventures.
Have the types of transport people use changed much over the last few decades?
Yes I think so. There has been a significant rise in private vehicles used for leisure journeys and work journeys. The reason is that people in my country is becoming wealthier. However, among young people, using public transport is an increasing tendency. Part of the reason is that they are more aware of the positive impact of public transport on reducing the number of private vehicles, air pollution and protecting the natural environment. Also, due to the rising costs of oil and legal insurance, many young people choose to use public transport.
What kinds of improvement have there been in transport in your country in recent years?
The number of domestic and international airports have increased, which contributes to the growth of the tourism industry. Along with airports, the number and quality of sea ports, freeways and railways have gone up as well. Coaches and buses have been improved, allowing people to travel around a city and between cities in Vietnam. A good example is the introduction of high-quality in-city bus routes in Ho Chi Minh city that allow passengers to travel from and to Tan Son Nhat airport.
What do you think of public transport in your country?
It has been improved so much over the past few decades but still does not meet international standards and needs of people in Vietnam. Currently there are no tram and underground systems therefore bus is essentially the only option of public transport. With respect to buses, many vehicles are not so clean and timely. I think a possible solution is to privatise the bus industry. Because of the profit motives, bus companies will try to find ways to improve the quality of their services.
Do you think that the government should invest more in transport projects?
I think that developing transportation system will improve the capacity and efficiency of the Vietnamese economy. However, the problem of political corrption may kick in. Also, due to the huge costs of those projects, it is reasonable for the government to encourage private-sector investment. In the situation of Vietnam, my opinion is that much more money should be spent to improve public transport systems and make it more afforable to people from all social classes.
Get access to more sample IELTS Speaking questions and answers here.
What are the marriage traditions of your country? Please share them with others by leaving a comment.
Interested in modern means of transportation? Watch this video produced by Wired to better understand the concept of Hyperloop.