• Mai Duc Nguyen

Speaking Part 3 Revision – Promoting Gender and Income Equality

Sample questions and answers on the topic on promoting gender and income equality

Q: What do you think are the causes of income inequality?

A: Income inequality is caused when the benefits of economic growth in a country are not equally shared among its population. For example, China records a high level of income inequality, even though its rates of GDP growth are among the world’s highest. In addition, another reason for income inequality is poor regulations. Low income taxes on the rich and legal barriers that prevent small business owners from taking a loan to enlarge their operations are examples of those poor regulations.

Q: What can governments do to reduce income inequality in their countries?

A: First, governments can encourage the lower-class and middle-class in their countries to start their own businesses, for example by applying a low interest rates to these debtors. Second, policies that improve workers’ social mobility, such as providing financial support for house owners, are also efficient in reducing gender inequality. Third, governments should also make sure that the rich pay income taxes as fairly and transparently as the poor do.

Q: Why is it important for a society to experience a decent level of gender equality?

A: Researches show that when women are paid as much as men, the global economy can benefit in terms of greater production output. In addition to economic benefits, gender equality helps bring about social benefits. For example, countries with a low level of gender inequality rare experience gender-related demonstrations. Furthermore, gender equality helps educate the young, including children, about the importance of appreciating women as much as men.

Q: What are the negative impacts of gender inequality?

A: When women stay inside homes to do housework, the economy is hurt because its output could have been higher. Historical data show that a low level of female participation in the workforce can negatively affect the health of an economy, with Japan being a typical example. In addition, gender inequality leads to political instability, since activists are willing to protest to fight for women’s rights.

Q: What do you think are a more precise indicator of social development, economic growth indexes or gender and income equality indexes?

A: In my opinion, a combination of high economic growth as well as high gender and income quality should be the target for governments worldwide. On the one hand, economic growth measures a country’s ability to produce and sell goods. Without economic growth, residents of a country can hardly reach a decent level of living standards. On the other hand, equality measures how equally national income is distributed among the country’s different gender groups and social classes. Without equality, money will be concentrated in the hands of the rich.

If you were to answer the questions above, how would they look like? Please share them by leaving a comment.

Want to learn more about gender equality? Watch this Ted Talk delivered by Deepika Bharadwaj.

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