• Mai Duc Nguyen

Writing Task 1 Revision – Useful Vocabulary and Grammar for Process Essays

Tips for process essays in the Writing Task 1 section:

  • Use the right tense – Most process diagrams do not have time periods; therefore, you can use the present tense.

  • Make sure you describe all the steps or stages of a process.

  • Use transitional words and phrases, where relevant, to connect your sentences and paragraphs.

  • If there are two or more process diagrams, make comparisons where possible.

Useful sentence structures for process essays:

  • After … is completed, … will be initiated.

For example: After the feedback review process is completed, individual meetings with employees will be initiated.

  • Before … begins/ starts, … must be finished.

For example: Before delivery of raw milk to factories starts, certain quality tests must be finished.

  • … happens; afterwards, … will follow.

For example: Cancellation of a trip happens; afterwards, expense reimbursement for passengers will follow.

  • As a result of …, the step … will kick off/ needs to happen.

For example: As a result of strict recycling rules, the step of manually sorting paper needs to happen.

  • To …, a combination of/ the completion of … is required.

For example: To start the concrete mixer, a combination of cement, water, gravel and sand is required.

Do you have other sentence structures that you would like to recommend? Please comment below. Your feedback is always welcome!

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