Let me go directly to what I intend to tell you in this article.
1. How to come up with examples in Writing Task 2?
Including examples in your Writing Task 2 essays will increase the band score you get since they strengthen your analysis. However, my teaching experience shows that many IELTS candidates struggle to come up with examples because they do not have specialist knowledge of given topics.
The simple solution is to make examples up. Believe me, IELTS examiners have no time to check the validity of your examples on Google. All you have to do is to make up examples which are acceptable and relevant. In other words, your examples must be linked to your analysis.
a. Use statistics or case studies: A survey conducted in the US shows that 80% of children going to nurseries demonstrate better communication and problem-solving skills than those receiving home-schooling.
b. Use general examples without specific statistics: The growth of the manufacturing sector in China has created jobs for millions of Chinese and lifted them out of poverty.
c. Use social trends as examples: Many young members of the Muslim community go to mosques to pray every Friday afternoon, which shows that religion still plays a significant role in the lives of people these day.
You may not use phrases like "For example", "For instance", "A great example is" and "To prove my analysis" to introduce examples.
2. Common problems for candidates in Speaking Part 2:
a. Can not create a story: 1 minute is not enough to make a story. It should be used to make notes of an already-created story in your mind. If you struggle to come up with ideas, simply make up a story. For example, if the topic requires you to describe a famous artist or entertainer, then think of a person that does not exist.
Attach them with characteristics that an artist normally has, such as often taking part in charity events or having best-selling music CDs. The problem with describing a real well-known artist is that you may miss important information about them and the flow of ideas can be affected.
b. Use what you revised: If you revise the topic "Describe a book that you particularly like", then ideas from this topic can be applied to talk about new topics such as "Describe a film that you like" (transfer content of the book to content of a film) and "Describe a gift you recently received from someone" (make sure you use past tense when necessasry).
c. Use 1 minute of preparation wisely: Divide the given sheet of paper into 4 equal rectangles, with each representing a small suggestion questions of the topic. As 1 minute is counted, write down key words about your story on those 4 rectangles. Only include short names, dates, years or verbs, not complex sentences.
When you talk, make sure you spend no more than 30 seconds on each rectangle - a perfect way to master time management in Speaking Part 2.